May 18, 2008

Global Protection of the Atmosphere.

Increase in the average temperature of the surface of the Earth, commonly known as Global Warming, and significant change in weather condition and temperature, generally known as Climate Change has been a great challenges at recently time. Since in the last few decades the scientists has recognized that global climate change and global warming caused by human activities.

The greenhouse theory includes the emission of the greenhouse gases and the greenhouse
effects, as a result of human activities. This theory has been widely accepted as a hypothesis that influences much in global warming and climate change as well. It began with facts that some humans activities such as farming, industrial process, in appropriate land used, used of fossil fuel etc were sending gases into the atmosphere that raised the temperature of the planet.

Deforestation and illegal logging also have been believed to have much contribution in this phenomenon. Forest has been disappeared extremely in the past decades. For example, in the late of 1900’s, Indonesia was still a densely forested country with the total forest representing for about 80% of total land area. However, since 1990’s deforestation has increased significantly and Indonesia lost almost 1/3 of it own forest.

In order to reduce the risk of global warming, and reduction of the emission of the greenhouse gases such as CO2 and other tracer gases, the International Conference on The Changing Atmosphere: Implication for Global Security has been held in Toronto on June 1988, known as Montreal Protocol,then followed by the signed and ratified Kyoto Protocol in the 2002’s. Both of Montreal Protocol and Kyoto Protocol aimed to reduce the carbon dioxide concentration at the atmosphere by decrease the fossil fuel consumption and switching to fuel that emit less carbon dioxide.

In particular, the choices we make presently about how we generate and use energy will either lock us into decades of unmanageable carbon emissions or set the stage for a sustainable future. What do you all think??

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